Rottweiler Diet & Meal Plan Advice

By Hungry Bark | March 2, 2021

Intelligent, agile, regal, and strong describe a Rottweiler’s best attributes. Well known for being loyal and protective, Rottweilers can also be shy around unknown people. These fantastic dogs serve as guard dogs, cattle herders, military dogs, and family pets.

Rottweiler has an aggressive reputation that belies their gentle demeanor with their loved ones. They have the energy to run with kids all day, the strength to tackle large animals like cattle, and are loving enough to be part of your family.

The diverse roles that Rottweilers have in our society can also cause some misunderstandings about the breed. When threats arrive, Rottweilers protect their families and show some aggressive tendencies. Still, in general, they are happy and friendly, and with proper exercise and training, they can be a welcomed addition to any sized family.

Bred primarily to herd cattle, Rottweilers are active and require a lot of activity. Long walks, runs, hikes, and play in large areas are best for these dynamic animals.

While some types of human food can be digestible and safe for your Rottweiler to eat, in general, it’s best not to feed your pup table scraps.

According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), feeding your dog human food may have underlying health concerns such as toxicity from seasonings, specific food allergens, and more.

Combined with daily activity and exercise, feeding your Rottweiler high-quality dog food, you’re providing the best opportunities for a long, healthy life.

Why is it important to only feed your dog high-quality dog food? As an industry, dog food is highly regulated and is held to strict standards in the purity of ingredients and must list the primary sources of nutrients.

Additionally, dog food is designed to aid in digestion and provide the correct balance of nutrients needed for your dog’s age, weight, and activity levels.  

Just as you feed only the best food sources for your children, you have the same obligation as a pet parent.

Keep reading as we’ll discuss how to provide your Rottweiler the happy, healthy life that they deserve and allow you both to have a positive relationship for a long time.

The Importance Of Getting Enough Exercise

Rottweilers are big, powerful animals that are playful at heart and have the stamina of a long-distance runner. They are bred to herd cattle for long treks and are strong enough to wrestle even the largest steer.

As an active breed, Rottweilers need lots of daily activity and exercise. Daily long walks, runs, hikes, and agility drills are good ways to get the bare necessity of exercise, but Rottweilers need even more stimulus and outlet for their energy levels.

Exercise serves multiple purposes in your dog’s health. Exercise aids in your dog’s digestive health, assists with weight management, builds strong bones, teeth, and muscles, enhances moods and calms their minds. As the saying goes, “a tired dog is a happy dog.”

Keep in mind that dogs at different stages have different exercise requirements, and you should adapt your exercise routine based on advice from your veterinarian. The vet will take your dog’s weight, age, and overall physical condition in their evaluation of your dog’s exercise needs.

One other thing to keep in mind is that weather is a critical factor to consider. It may be unhealthy for exercise if it is too hot or cold outside.

Hot asphalt or frozen ground can burn or freeze your dog’s paws’ bottoms, causing severe injury, making walking and running difficult or painful. In general, if it’s too hot (or cold) for you to walk barefoot, it’s the same for your dog.

Finally, a daily exercise routine is a bonding opportunity for you and your dog. It can also double as a training exercise to teach good behaviors that will nurture the relationship between you and your pet.

The Health Benefits Associated With Exercise

Exercise benefits include better cardiovascular function, increased mental cognition, improved immune systems, and is vital for quality of life. Other benefits to daily exercise will help your Rottweiler manage their weight, which can have a whole host of health impacts.

Types of health concerns associated with inactive dogs:

  • Type-2 Diabetes
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Heart Disease and Heart Failure
  • Osteoarthritis and Hip Dysplasia
  • Obesity
  • Labored Breathing
  • Shortened Life-Expectancy


There are plenty of suggestions to get your dog the exercise they need, and below, we include some of the best tips you can use to get your Rottweiler activity they want.  

Walking: All dogs like to go for a walk. The opportunity to explore their immediate surroundings is instinctual, and a walk allows your Rottweiler to get needed exercise while also sniffing around. Dogs have an olfactory sense that is 40x more powerful than humans and is the primary way they interact with their surroundings.

A daily walk allows your Rottweiler to stay connected with the other animals in the neighborhood while also giving you time to work on behaviors you want to encourage. Walking is a low-impact exercise and appropriate for dogs of all ages.

Running: Rottweilers are strong and powerful, but also, due to their breeding, have incredible stamina. Vigorous exercise is best for younger Rottweilers and if running is a difficulty for you, find an alternative way for them to run, such as ride a bike while they run alongside.

Hiking: Hiking with your Rottweiler is an excellent way to change the routine and introduce new sights and smells for your dog. The unlevel terrain won’t be a challenge to the breed unless they’ve been inactive for a while.

Visit Dog Parks: Playing with other dogs, running around, as well as wrestling with them is one of the best forms of exercise for your dog. However, be aware of people’s perceptions toward Rottweilers and be sure to have your dog trained to be responsive to your commands if an issue arises.

Other Activities: Fetch, Tug-of-War, Agility Drills are all great alternatives for your dog’s daily activities and combined with training. It is an incredible way to exercise your dog and simultaneously stimulate their minds.

The goal is to provide your Rottweiler with at least 1-hour of continuous exercise coupled with smaller amounts of playtime or activity in a yard every day.

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The Importance Of Your Rottweiler’s Food Ingredients

Every dog is different and has a different personality, preferences, and dietary needs. Their food preferences may change as a result.

Even though dog food has strict standards for what is acceptable, there are subpar manufacturers that cut corners. The addition of filters, unclear protein sources, and chemical preservatives are listed in inferior foods, and you need to steer clear.  

High-quality food makers will have a clear food label with the ingredients’ source on the list. For example, instead of “meat meal” as some would list their protein, the better dog food would have a pure protein named like “chicken,” “salmon,” or other specific protein. The transparency in labeling is for peace of mind that the nutrients your dog needs are precisely what they’re getting in the food.

As you evaluate the ingredients on the food label, remember that ingredients are listed in order of their weight, so you should see in order protein, carbohydrate, and fats without additives or preservatives. The ingredients should prioritize the macronutrients essential for your Rottweiler’s health and eliminate unnecessary elements.

Protein should account for approximately 25-30% of your Rottweiler’s diet, and the type of food you offer should list the protein from a direct or pure source.

Dogs are prone to allergies, both foodborne and environmentally, just like people. Food allergies are caused by additives and fillers such as soy, corn, and wheat. The problem with subpar dog food is that you can’t be sure that when they list “grains” in their ingredient list that these types of grains are not included. You should have a label that consists of a carbohydrate such as “brown rice” or “potatoes “ instead.

Food intolerance is due to a food source, usually a protein, that the dog should not eat and will suffer severe allergic reactions if they do.

Think about a peanut allergy for some people. It may cause severe reactions if they come into contact with a peanut or peanut by-product, and if your dog has a food intolerance, they’ll suffer severe reactions as well.

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Types Of Allergies

Like people, dogs develop seasonal, environmental, and foodborne allergies. Dogs that develop allergies are more susceptible to other types of allergic reactions; minimizing foodborne allergens causes is necessary.

Dog allergies’ symptoms mimic those in people from sneezing, watery eyes, shaking their head from ear inflammation, and swelling in the head, neck, and paws.

Severe allergic reactions may include asthma, difficulty breathing or swallowing, coughing, gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea and vomiting. If any of these symptoms develop, contact your veterinarian immediately.

How To Read The Ingredients Label

Your Rottweiler’s health comes from a combination of getting the proper amount of exercise and eating the right type of food that matches their nutrition needs. To find the best dog food for your pup, you need to understand how to read the food label.

A dog food label prioritizes the ingredients on the list by weight, as we mentioned earlier.  

You should see protein as the primary ingredient, followed by carbohydrates and then fats. Some labels will include a list of minerals and vitamins added as well.

What to look for when reading the ingredient list:

Protein: The essential building block of your Rottweiler’s health is protein. The protein source should be transparent and from a single pure source such as “turkey.” Some subpar manufacturers will try to list “meat meal” or “other protein sources” in their recipe, but this should be a red flag for you as the source of protein is unclear, and your dog may have allergies to the ingredients or may lack the nutrients it needs.

Carbohydrates: The carbohydrates listed should be straightforward to the source, such as “potatoes” on the label. The ingredient label should also list vegetables such as carrots and peas for added nutritional value.

Fats: Fats should list the type of fat included, like “animal fat,” mineral oil, or vegetable oil.

Essential vitamins and minerals are next on the list, so look for potassium and calcium, for example.

Always be sure that your dog has ample fresh water available. Water helps with hydration, brain and muscular function, as well as regulating the body temperature of your dog. Water is often overlooked in any discussion of dog health, but it is crucial for optimal health.

In general, the more transparent the ingredient list, the better quality dog food.

Selecting The Right Meal Plan For Your Rottweiler

Now that you know what to feed your Rottweiler for optimal health selecting the right meal plan shouldn’t be complicated.

Your selection needs to consider your dog’s age, weight, health, and activity level, and portion size should also reflect these factors.

The portion size for your Rottweiler is recommended by age and weight. Puppies need less portion size but need more servings per day than a fully grown adult. In general, a fully grown adult Rottweiler should receive two-servings a day of a portion based on its weight. Start with our recommended portion size of 3 ¾-4 ¼ cups for an 80-pound dog and add ½ cup for every 15-pounds after.

For example, if your Rottweiler weighs 100 pounds, calculate your serving from our recommendation this way; 4 ¼ cups for the first 80 pounds, and add 1/2 -1 cup for additional nutrition. If your dog leaves food behind, calibrate less at the next feeding. If your pup appears hungry still, consider adding a little more to their food bowl.

If you’re unsure what type of food to feed your dog, our Hungry Bark Custom Meal Planner will evaluate your dog’s age, weight, activity level and offer you a meal plan catered to your dog in as little as 2 minutes. It’s a simple way to find the best nutrition for your Rottweiler.

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